Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer – Female

What is breast cancer?

  • Breast cancer can be primary or secondary. When a tumour starts in the breast it is known as a primary breast cancer; however, a tumour that has spread to the breast from somewhere else in the body is a secondary breast cancer.
  • In many cases, primary breast cancer does not come back after treatment. However, in some women cancer cells break away from the primary breast cancer and spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
  • These cancer cells go on dividing and form a new cancer – secondary cancer or metastasis. This secondary cancer is made up of breast cancer cells so, for example, a secondary breast cancer in the liver behaves as breast cancer not a primary live cancer.

Symptoms of breast cancer

  • A lump in the breast
  • A change in the size or shape of the breast
  • Dimpling of the skin or thickening in the breast tissue
  • A nipple that is inverted
  • A rash on the nipple
  • Discharge from the nipple
  • Swelling or lumping in the armpit
  • A lump in the breast is the most common symptom of breast cancer. Most breast lumps are not cancerous; they are usually fluid-filled lumps (cysts) or a fibroadenoma which is made up of fibrous and glandular tissue.
  •  However, it is important to get a lump or any of these symptoms checked by your doctor.

Breast Cancer – Male

What is male breast cancer?

Many people do not know that men can get breast cancer; however, men have a small amount of breast tissue behind their nipples. This is where breast cancer can develop.

Symptoms of male breast cancer

  • Painless lump under the nipple or areola
  • A change in the size or shape of the breast
  • A nipple that is inverted
  • A rash on the nipple
  • Discharge or bleeding from the nipple
  • Swelling or lumping in the armpit
  • An ulcer on the skin of the breast

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